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Shoppers are panic-buying powerful vacuum cleaners to beat an EU ban that comes into force next week.Last night retailers reported escort that sales had soared by nearly 50 per cent as consumers snap up any remaining stock in the run-up to escort bayan the Brussels diktat outlawing machines of over 1,600 watts.Many stores and websites have already run out of the most powerful eskort models, with one reporting its busiest day for sales in more than a decade.Scroll down for video  bayan escort
Stampede: Shoppers are panic-buying powerful vacuum cleaners to beat an EU ban coming into force next week. Above, some of models that will be affected by the banThe buying frenzy looks set to intensify today and tomorrow, before the official ban on importing or manufacturing the machines takes effect on Monday.And Brussels is now considering measures to ban the most powerful hairdryers, lawn mowers and electric kettles, it was revealed. 
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Now EU targets hairdryers and lawn mowers: Brussels set to introduce ban on devices to meet energy efficiency targets
A run on powerful vacuum cleaners? Sales rocket 44% as households scramble to buy best models before EU ban
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A list of up to 30 high-wattage household devices could be banned next spring following a draft EU report which examined ways to reduce power consumption.Consumer magazine Which? said the new rules on vacuum cleaners would outlaw some of the best machines, which owe their strong suction ability to their high power consumption.
A previous story on the Brussels ban, as reported in the Mail on August 23, 2014From September 1, companies will be prohibited from manufacturing or importing any vacuum cleaners above the 1,600-watt limit as part of a drive to reduce domestic electricity use.Tesco yesterday said it saw sales rocket by 44 per cent over the past two weeks as panicked customers rushed to get their hands on popular 2,000-watt models.The Cooperative Electrical shop reported a rise of 38 per cent, while at Currys some models of powerful vacuums were sold out.Online electrical retailer ao.com said sales were up 40 per cent last week compared with the same period last year and last Friday it had its best ever day for vacuum cleaner sales in the 14 years it has been trading.Tesco planning manager Louise Rix said: ‘The EU ban has been a much debated topic over the last few days – it’s certainly provoked a lot of interest amongst consumers and manufacturers.‘We’ve seen huge sales increases of vacuums and we expect the high demand to continue over the next two days before the ban comes into place.’ The ban from Monday on powerful vacuum cleaners has angered manufacturers, who say it will do nothing to make machines more environmentally friendly and will simply reduce efficiency in the home.Critics say cleaners satisfying the new rule may use less power but householders will have to use them for longer – so they are likely to use the same amount of electricity in the long run.For the first time, vacuum cleaners will have to carry ratings from A to G for energy use, cleaning performance on carpets and hard floors, and dust emissions.
Measures: The buying frenzy looks set to intensify today and tomorrow, before the official ban on importing or manufacturing powerful vacuum cleaners (left) takes effect on Monday. And Brussels is now considering measures to ban the most powerful hairdryers, lawn mowers (right, file picture) and electric kettles, it was revealedYesterday, there was evidence that consumers are stockpiling their favourite models to use in the decades to come.Chris Wesson, posted a photograph on Twitter of two 2,000-watt Panasonic vacuums which he said his mother had bought.He tweeted the comment: ‘Only my mum would stock up on powerful vacuum cleaners before this ban comes into effect. We now have five in our house…’But Leanne Beswick, of ao.com, said there was no need to panic buy – and that lower wattage does not necessarily equate to a poorer performing machine.‘We have seen a significant surge in sales of corded vacuums over 1600 watts over the weekend as the deadline for meeting new EU legislation looms on September 1,’ she said. ‘However, consumers need not panic buy.
Consumers are snapping up any remaining stock in the run-up to the diktat outlawing machines of over 1,600 watts. Above, the European Commissions headquarters‘Even though these particular models will eventually be off the market, this doesn’t mean that new and other existing models are any less effective – they are not. Although they may need to lose power to conform to the new regulations, they won’t lose performance.’ A Currys & PC World spokesperson said: We still have a good stocks of high powered vacuum cleaners at great prices. We will however be adding new products to our range with the best technology that adhere to the new energy and performance ruling.These new ranges are built with state of the art engineering with the same high standards to ensure customers reap the benefits without compromising quality. While the ban comes into place on Monday, retailers will still be able to sell their remaining stock after this date. We expect the high demand to continue over the next two days before the ban comes into place Louise Rix, Tesco Last week consumer watchdog Which? warned that many of the best models that appear in its Best Buy tables will be taken off the market as a result of the new EU rule.Of seven awarded ‘Best Buy’ status since January 2013, five have motors with a power of more than 1,600 watts, it said.The maximum wattage will be lowered further to 900 watts by 2017. Current cleaners have an average wattage of 1,800.Which? said: ‘If you’re in the market for a powerful vacuum, you should act quickly, before all of the models currently available sell out. A best buy 2,200-watt vac costs around £27 a year to run in electricity – only £8 more than the best-scoring 1,600-watt we’ve tested.’Marlene Holzner, the European Commission’s energy spokesman, said the amount of wattage does not automatically indicate how well a vacuum will perform.She added what counted was how efficiently a vacuum translated its electrical power into picking up dust, and this would be measured under the new rules.
Watch this guide on how to pick the best vacuum cleaner
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(CNN) — He rose from humble beginnings, worked his way through the local leagues before graduating to become a major escort bayan player on the international stage, netting him millions of dollars along the way.
But this isnt a tale about a footballing hero. This is a story about one of modern sports greatest villains — the man dubbed the most notorious match-fixer in the world.
You may not be familiar with the name Wilson Raj Perumal but given how prolific he was, you might have watched one of the games hes fixed.
I never really counted, but I think it should be between 80-100 football matches, Perumal told CNNs Don Riddell in his first-ever television interview.
Few doors seemed to be closed to Perumal.
I was on the bench at times, and telling players what to do, giving orders to the coach. It was that easy. There was no policing whatsoever.
Officials were just as easy to target, he boasts, with no barriers when approaching select referees, while certain football associations would welcome you with open arms, he added.
It was only after his arrest and subsequent conviction in 2011 — his fourth for football-related crimes – - that Perumal started coming clean on his former life, with the poacher-turned-gamekeeper now helping European police combat match-fixing.
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In all, Perumal claims to have pocketed around $5 million himself from match-fixing.
However, he lost it all gambling, perhaps explaining why the 49-year-old recently published an autobiography, Kelong Kings, recounting his journey from rural Singapore to footballs globetrotting Mr Fix-it.
I had my boyhood dreams. I wanted to be a soldier but during my school days I got a criminal record and couldnt really pursue what I wanted to. And then I got attracted to betting when I was about 19-20 years old, he said.
I kind of got hooked and I didnt want to lose … so I started fixing local matches, he says.
Perumal plied his trade in Singapores local football leagues in the late 1980s before joining what international crime-fighting organization INTERPOL recently described as the worlds most notorious match-fixing syndicate allegedly headed by Tan Seet Eng — better known as Dan Tan, who is now reportedly in detention in Singapore.
As the Internet age dawned in the mid-1990s, so Perumals match-fixing horizons expanded.
We could see all these matches around the world … I had the opportunity to target vulnerable countries … people who were prone to accept bribes, he said.
Football is no longer a sport. It is more like a business now. So I think were just trying to make money out of this business
Wilson Raj Perumal
So I registered a company and started e-mailing associations and building relationships.
Like two hands prepared to clap
The 49-year-olds first foray into international match-fixing — a 1997 friendly match between Zimbabwe and Bosnia Herzegovina — failed, he says.
Perumal alleges up to six players from the Zimbabwe team had agreed to lose the match 4-0 in return for a share of $100,000. But the game played in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia finished in a 2-2 draw.
We gave them a result that was difficult to accomplish and what happened during the game was that one player accidentally kicked the ball into the net.
A decade later, Perumal targeted Zimbabwe again in what became known as the Asiagate scandal with both players and officials receiving bribes to fix a string of matches between 2007 and 2009.
We were like two hands prepared to clap, Perumal says.
Former FIFA match-fixing investigator, Terry Steans was shocked when he was handed a FIFA case file on match-fixing in Zimbabwe in 2009.
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I read that file and thought: No. It cant be. It cant be this easy and it cant be this prevalent, Steans told CNN.
Five years later, I know yes it was and yes it is. But that file opened our eyes and it was to set FIFA Security, at that time, on a path to try and discover as much as we could about the fixers and how prevalent and widespread they were.
Zimbabwes game was destroyed by the fixing scandal, Steans says.
Dozens of players and officials were sanctioned, some receiving life bans while others were barred from playing for several years.
The Footballers Union of Zimbabwe has been critical of the Zimbabwe Football Association (ZIFA) investigation but Steans says ZIFA deserves credit for taking action.
They appointed an investigation committee and they took the investigation as far as they possibly could do.
CNN invited ZIFA to comment on match-fixing in the country but they hadnt responded by the time of publication.
Hat trick of jail terms
Perumal says he achieved around a 70-80% success rate and claims to have rigged games at the Olympics, World Cup qualifiers, the womens World Cup, the CONCACAF Gold Cup and the African Cup of Nations.
But his attempts to corrupt didnt always go undetected by the authorities, notably in Singapore where he was imprisoned three times for football-related offences.
In 1995, he was jailed for 12 months for trying to bribe a football player. Four years later he was imprisoned for 26 months for introducing a referee to a match-fixer and in 2000 he attacked a footballer with a hockey stick prior to a game — an offense he says he deeply regrets.
In 2011, the football authorities eventually caught up with Perumal again, this time in Finland where he was arrested and subsequently jailed for fixing matches in the Veikkausliiga, the countrys premier football division.
Perumal served one year of a two-year sentence before being extradited to Hungary where he has been helping police there with match-fixing investigations in the Balkans.
Steans was shocked when police showed him Perumals list of contacts.
Wilson is a bit of an enigma. But every piece of information that he gave out of Finland and Hungary that came our way was right
Terry Steans, former FIFA investigator
Perumal had 38 countries in one phone book contacts list — he had officials and players from those 38 countries, Steans told CNN.
If you then go to his laptop address book, there were over 50. FIFA has 209 associations … so we are talking a quarter of FIFA associations for one fixer, he added.
As we now know, he used most of these people and used them for his own ends and his syndicates ends and made a lot of money out of it.
He might have lost all his ill-gotten gains but Perumal looks back fondly on that period of his life.
I have no regrets. It was like, it was a phase of my life and I enjoyed it and I traveled around the world. I had a good time.
There are glimmers of remorse. Perumal says he feels sorry for fixing some matches but then says there are no regrets for others.
Football is no longer a sport. It is more like a business now. So I think were just trying to make money out of this business. People want to win and they will do anything just to get a result.
Pitch battle
FIFA says preserving the games integrity is a top priority and in 2011 announced it was giving INTERPOL €20 million ($26.5 million) to fight match-fixing.
We take any allegations of match manipulation very seriously and are looking into those, FIFAs media department told CNN via email.
Obviously we are aware of publications such as Kelong Kings. We do not further comment on our activities and we do not share investigative reports.
FIFA continues to work closely with law enforcement agencies as well as the respective public authorities and other sports organizations on a national regional and global level to tackle the issue of match manipulation.
But Perumal thinks they could be doing more.
FIFA has not come up with enough strategies or methods or publicity or marketing or whatever you can call it, to combat match-fixing, Perumal says.
FIFA are doing a lot of things to combat racism but I think match-fixing is more of a problem than racism. Im not saying FIFA shouldnt pump in so much money (to tackle racism) but what Im saying is that match-fixing is a more pressing issue.
We end up with a game that lacks integrity, with the games reputation in tatters and with fans not really knowing what theyre watching
Terry Steans, former FIFA investigator
Steans says Perumal has been value for money for investigators helping them understand how match-fixers operate.
Wilson is a bit of an enigma, he says. But you know what, every piece of information that he gave out of Finland and Hungary that came our way was right.
The former FIFA man is still fighting match fixing, working as a consultant for a sports corruption company.
But given the recent past, he fears for footballs future if match fixing continues to carry on virtually unchecked.
We end up with a game that lacks integrity, with the games reputation in tatters and with fans not really knowing what theyre watching, Steans says.
Will fans watch? Wed probably end up with something similar to Zimbabwe where fans walked away, sponsors walked away … You will end up with a game that means nothing. Just means nothing.
And when it means nothing, sponsors dont want it and fans dont want it either. So teams would be playing in empty stadiums. Itd be a desert.
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By Traci G. Lee
ankara escort bayan After months of auditions, six finalists will perform in Kollaboration New York’s annual, city-wide showcase, hoping to simultaneously further their careers and continue a tradition of introducing new talent escort ankara from the Asian-American community to the mainstream music industry.Kollaboration New York, a branch of the non-profit Kollaboration organization based in Los Angeles, will host its ninth showcase on August 30, featuring six acts as well as performances from rapper Awkwafina, Asian-American dance troupe I Love Dance, and last year’s showcase winner, Izzy Man.Geoff YenIzzy Man during his showcase-winning performance at Kollaboration New York 2013.
Man, a rapper who says he looked for opportunities to perform since he was a kid, first heard of Kollaboration when he attended the New York branch’s 2011 showcase as an audience member.“As I was watching one talented act after another, all I kept telling myself was, ‘I can do this,’” said Man. “It was important for me to try and get on this platform and spread this sort of ideal through the Asian-American New York community.”“We want to introduce more Asian American artists to the mainstream…and to eventually see the showcase as not just an ‘Asian event,’ but as a music and performance event.”What began as a talent show in Los Angeles’ Koreatown in 2000 has become a national movement for the non-profit organization, with 14 major cities hosting showcases annually. The goal, founder Paul “PK” Kim said in a 2009 interview, is to have a “stronger Asian American presence in media”—a goal that gave birth to the organization’s mission: “empowerment through entertainment.”In New York City, where the Asian American population has grown by 110 percent from 1990 to 2010, Kollaboration New York is hoping to do just that. Run entirely by a staff of volunteers, the team often works late into the night to accommodate their full-time jobs.JEFFREYLIUPHOTOGRAPHY.COMThe Kollaboration New York staff huddles before the 2013 showcase.For the staff, Kollaboration is more than just a hobby; it’s a passion that they want to share with the world—a world that is slowly being introduced to Asian-American musicians thanks to artists like MC Jin, the first Asian-American rapper to be signed to a major record label, and hip-hop group Far East Movement, the first Asian-American band to reach #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States.“We want to introduce more Asian American artists to the mainstream,” Kollaboration New York executive director Tanner Chung said, “and to eventually see the showcase as not just an ‘Asian event,’ but as a music and performance event.”The showcase is still in large part a talent show, but has evolved into a contest with a panel of judges who will choose one winner from the finalists’ pool, who will have access to Kollaboration’s network of connections to help them further their career.“When there isn’t a lot of representation out there, you have to come together and pull your resources.”It’s that network, Chung says, that most artists need when trying to navigate the music industry without a major record label or agent backing them. “When there isn’t a lot of representation out there, you have to come together and pull your resources.”Since winning Kollaboration’s showcase, Man says he’s gained credibility and new avenues to reach wider audiences—from shows upstate to the West Coast, thanks to Kollaboration’s contacts.“Seeing how the thousands in attendance became enthusiastic and excited to see this ‘chubby Filipino in the stripes’ rock the mic in a way they didnt expect gave me the courage to really push forward and know that I was on the right path,” Man said.Kollaboration New YorkVocalist and guitarist Shilpa performs during Kollaboration New York 2013.
First published August 22 2014, 6:22 AM

Ruling by nakliyat open final

(CNN) — Rafael Nadals hopes of successfully defending his U.S. Open title have been dealt a serious blow after the nakliyat Spaniard revealed he has sustained a wrist injury during a practice session.
The world No. 2 says he will be out of competitive action for at least two-three weeks, ruling him out of the upcoming ATP Tour 1000 events in Toronto evden eve nakliyat and Cincinnati and possibly out of this seasons final grand slam tournament which starts on August 25.
Nadal won both Masters events last season before beating Novak Djokovic in the final at Flushing Meadows in New York.
In a statement released by organizers of Torontos Rogers Cup, Nadal expressed his dismay at missing out this year.
Im extremely disappointed that I am unable to defend my Rogers Cup title this year, said Nadal, who beat home favorite Milos Raonic in last years final.
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I was looking forward to coming there and playing again in Toronto as I have always loved to play in Canada and had great results in the past at a very important event.
Unfortunately I injured myself yesterday (Tuesday) during practice and after checking with my doctors I will have to stay out of competition for at least two-three weeks. I am sorry to the tournament and to all of the fans.
The 28-year-old last missed the U.S. Open in 2012 when a knee injury forced him out of action for seven months in total.
Nadal has endured fluctuating fortunes on court this year winning four tournaments so far including the French Open in June.
His four-set win over Novak Djokovic clinched a ninth title at Roland Garros, but this was tempered by disappointments at Melbourne Park and Wimbledon.
At the Australian Open in January, Nadal injured his back in the warm up before the final and went onto to lose in four sets to Switzerlands Stanislas Wawrinka.
Normal service was resumed in Paris before Nadal exited early for the third year running at SW19.
After being dumped out in rounds two and one in 2012 and 2013 respectively, Nadal made it to the last 16 before succumbing to Australian teenager Nick Kyrgios.
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Population escort and like statistics


See the full list of how World Cup teams stack up here.
(CNN) — Its all over now. Germany won the escort World Cup, which cant have surprised anyone who watched it demolish Brazil en route to the championship.
But according to CNNs calculations, Brazil should have taken home the trophy.
While Lionel Messi was battling Thomas Muller to be the tournaments top goal escort bayan scorer, while Tim Howard and Guillermo Ochoa were batting away shots on goal, while Roy Hodgson and Fabio Capello were stalking the sidelines, CNN was looking at the bigger picture.
We started with the FIFA world ranking for each team going into the World Cup, starting with Spain ranked number one, all the way down to Australia at 62.
Then we looked at how much each country was paying its manager.
Russia topped that table, paying Capello nearly $11.5 million a year, according to Nick Harris of Sporting Intelligence. England came a distant second, with Italy, Brazil and Switzerland rounding out the top five.
Soccer-mad Mexico came dead last, paying manager Miguel Herrera about $214,000.
Next we added in each countrys population size, since bigger countries have larger pools to draw potential soccer stars from. The United States was the biggest country to qualify, followed by Brazil, Nigeria, Russia and Japan. Bosnia-Herzegovina and Uruguay were the smallest, both with populations under 4 million.
Then we averaged the three measures — ranking, manager salary and population size — to come up with our own prediction for how each team would fare in the World Cup.
Our predicted winner: Brazil. It was the second-largest country in the tournament, ranked third in the world by FIFA, and with manager Luiz Felipe Scolaris $3.8 million salary putting him fourth.
It fared well enough in the group stages, but once things got serious, the hosts completely fell apart, conceding 10 goals in their last two matches and scoring only 1.
That left it in 4th place, three below where we predicted it should end up.
Germany, on the other hand, overperformed, but not by much.
We picked it to come second, and it came first, for a rating of 1.
Our statistics also tell us who the biggest over- and under-achievers of the tournament were.
Some are obvious. The numbers suggest Costa Rica should have come 27th overall, but it trounced the big boys in the Group of Death and came out 8th, by FIFAs official statistics.
Second-place Argentina also did far better than our predictions.
Yes, it was ranked fifth in the world going into the tournament, but it didnt shell out big money for a manager — Alejandro Sabella was the 22nd-best paid coach — and Argentina falls in the middle of the population table. Of course, having Messi be one member of that population makes a difference, even if the Hand of God didnt touch him in the final.
Spain, on the other hand, was a giant dud. Ranked third in the CNN table, it actually came 23rd.
Only one nation came out worse: England. Ranked 10th in the world, with the second-best paid manager and and the 11th-largest population, we think it should have come fifth. It came 26th.
Italy and Russia also suffered in our rankings, partly for paying their managers so handsomely. We say Italy should have come third, not 22nd, and Russia should have tied at sixth place with the United States.
Russia actually came 24th, while Team USA came 15th.
The numbers also show one remarkable coincidence. On paper, Belgium and Greece are almost identical.
Belgium was ranked 11th by FIFA. Greece was ranked 12th.
Both have populations of about 11 million people, and the two nations paid their managers exactly the same salary.
Both teams did better than we predicted.
We picked Greece to come 18th, but it managed 13th.
Belgium did even better, coming sixth, nine places higher than our calculations suggested.
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CNNs Patrick Sung, Manuela Lanza and John Sinnott contributed to this report.

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African Voices is a weekly show that highlights Africas most engaging personalities, exploring the lives and passions of people who escort bayan rarely open themselves up to the camera. Follow the team on Twitter.
(CNN) — On the banks of river Nile, an old fisherman rests upon his rickety boat under the hot Khartoum sun. His gaze is strict, his chiseled features strong escort and commanding. Yet, as he slowly moves his scarred right arm to bring a cup of tea to his lips, his withered face softens into a gentle smile.
He seemed very strong, but welcoming, says Qusai Akoud as he recalls the moment he approached the Khartoum fisherman to ask for a photograph and a quick chat. He and his friends, they come fish here every morning and sell their fish in the fish market.
Last May, Akoud, a 27-year-old graphic designer from the Sudanese capital, set out to pay a tribute to the people living in his hometown through a series of artistic street portraits.
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Inspired by Brandon Stantons Humans of New York, a popular photo blog that was launched in 2010 featuring photographs of complete strangers in the American metropolis and has since been replicated around the world, Akoud trawled the neighborhoods of Khartoum and the banks of river Nile to capture the spirit of his city and the stories of the people living in it.
I wanted to tell the stories of the humans of Khartoum and let the world know about the lives of the people of Sudan, says Akoud, who aptly named his project Humans of Khartoum.
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From old fishermen at the bustling El Mawrada market and shisha-smoking men relaxing in the gardens of Tuti Island to women selling tea in downtown markets and young upwardly mobile professionals strolling near the University of Khartoum, Akouds project provides a captivating and heartfelt insight of life in and around the Sudanese capital.
The young photographer says it hasnt been difficult to get strangers to open up to him, but admits to often having trouble to persuading women to allow him to photograph them.
Old people always attract me. They have wonderful stories.
Qusai Akoud, Humans of Khartoum founder
People are open to their pictures being taken — its not as hard as it seemed in the beginning of the project — however, women refuse to have their photos taken due to cultural constraints.
Akoud says he is fascinated by every person he meets but has a particular interest in one specific group of people.
Old people always attract me, he says. They have wonderful stories.
Click through the gallery to read excerpts of Akouds blog that go with the photographs hes taken. You can see all images and stories in the Humans of Khartoum blog or Facebook page.
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Editors note: Leading Women connects you to extraordinary women of our time — remarkable professionals who have made it to child porn the top in all areas of business, the arts, sport, culture, science and more.
(CNN) — When Bobbi Brown introduced her eponymous lipstick line to Bergdorf Goodman back in 1991, she never expected all 10 pinky-brown shades to fly off the shelves in just one day.
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Since then, the trailblazing makeup mogul has built a billion-dollar empire by making women look and feel beautiful in a natural way.
Her cosmetics adorn the faces of VIPs such as Michelle Obama and Katie Holmes, as well as the Duchess of Cambridge, who wore the brand on her wedding day.
With stores in 68 countries today, the company has grown from a mail-order business in the early 90s to a staple in womens makeup bags from London to Beijing.
When I started the company, my mission was to make a lipstick that looked like lips, because most of the lipsticks on the market looked artificial, they were greasy and they smelled bad, Brown told CNNs Poppy Harlow.
I wanted to create something that looked natural, and that worked with a womans skin tone and her lip color, she adds.
Browns love affair with makeup started as she watched her mothers beauty rituals in their suburban Chicago home.
But her true entrepreneurial streak came from her Russian immigrant grandfather, who worked his way up to become a successful car dealer: I grew up watching Papa Sam in his dealership and I learned so much. He was an amazing role model, she says.
School was never the focus of Browns attention, and when she wanted to drop out of the University of Arizona after her first year, her mother asked her a question that would determine the course of her life: If you could spend the day doing whatever you wanted, what would you do?
Go to the mall and play with makeup, came the answer.
After earning a degree in theatrical makeup at Emerson College in Boston, Brown moved to New York City, showing her portfolio to anyone and everyone.
Living the life of a fledgling makeup artist, her talent and perseverance paid off. Soon she was working on high-profile magazine shoots, eventually landing a Vogue cover with Naomi Campbell — her first big break.
Ill never forget it, recalls Brown. It was Naomi Campbells first cover and the photographer was Patrick Demarchelier. It was shot on the beach early in the morning, and you never know if its a cover or not, but when I heard it was, I was beyond (excited), she says.
While her makeup artist career was burgeoning, Brown was frustrated by the lack of wearable, natural looking shades amid the fuchsia lipsticks and electric blue eye shadows which dominated the 1980s: Everything was artificial and fake. It just did not look right to me, she says.
When I started the company, my mission was to make a lipstick that looked like lips.
Bobbo Brown
A chance meeting with a Kiehls pharmacist during a fashion shoot led to the creation of her first lipstick, Brown Lip Color, in her signature chocolate-based tones. Four years later, the company she started with just $10,000 was beating cosmetics giant Estee Lauder in major department stores.
Brown soon got a call from Leonard Lauder, the scion of the makeup empire started by his mother Estee, offering to buy her company. She accepted, under the condition that she retained all creative control, and today it is estimated that Bobbi Brown products account for about 10% of all Estee Lauder sales.
You know, I think that women will always need their basics, Brown says, explaining how her business managed to weather the financial downturn of recent years.
They will always need their tried and tested things, they are not going to forgo makeup. Maybe theyll forgo the trendy things that come out every season, they dont need it. But most women still need what they need, she adds.
When it comes to her role in an industry which has been heavily criticized for making women feel self-conscious, Brown says: Everyone I know in the beauty industry, not just the people that work in my company, is really there to make products that make women look and feel better, they devote their lives to it. I think the biggest problem is that the Internet now shows everything. So if you are going to be an actress or a supermodel, you are unusually photogenic, you are unusually thin, that is not what all women are, she says.
Brown still beautifies the faces of models in all her advertising campaigns, but her business interests are not limited to cosmetics.
She has partnered with Safilo, a leading Italian eyewear brand, to design a range of glasses, and has recently been appointed as Editor-in-Chief of Yahoos new beauty section.
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Im trying to create a space that is empowering, thats teaching, thats fun, with a sense of humor, thats visually exciting and cool, she says, but mostly, a place that will give women real answers to not just beauty but lifestyle and empowerment, and everything it means to be a successful, happy woman. And I hope a man, too, I have things planned for men as well, Brown adds.
Bobbi Brown works her magic backstage at the Rachel Roy show during New York Fashion Week.Earl Gibson III/Getty Images
The entrepreneur has also channeled her energy into philanthropy, starting the Pretty Powerful Campaign for Women and Girls, where 100% of the purchase price of a limited edition product goes to programs helping disadvantaged women and girls around the world.
The company also sponsors Dress for Success, a global charity which offers unemployed women career advice and professional attire for job interviews.
Browns youthful face and eyes exude humor, and she fosters a homey atmosphere in her headquarters in New Yorks trendy SoHo. Large windows flood the pastel-colored space with sunlight, and there are regular yoga sessions.
I enjoy things that are not about my work. And whether its family vacations or trips, Im able to let go.
Bobbi Brown
There are dogs and kids that come in, and I love having this atmosphere, its who I am, she says.
The make-up mogul jokingly describes herself as a Type A personality — hardworking and efficient, yet able to unplug from the daily grind: I enjoy things that are not about my work, I enjoy my husband, my kids and nephews, my entourage, as I call them. And whether its family vacations or trips, Im able to let go, she says.
However, the 57-year-old is not ready to hang up her brushes any time soon. Im bad at golf and even worse at tennis, she quips, adding that she doesnt feel she has reached her pinnacle yet.
So many things happened in my career which were important moments, from my first Vogue cover to getting into Bergdorf Goodman and Harrods, and finally when Leonard Lauder called, but then things just continued to happen.
So, I havent made it yet, she concludes.
Read more: Marina Abramovic, the sorceress who creates art out of thin air
Read more: Inside Tory Burchs billion dollar fashion world

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Editors note: Watch this weeks episode of Talk Asia with Monita Rajpal featuring Pharrell Williams. It airs for the first escort bayan time on Friday, December 20, 10.30am GMT/6:30 pm HKT. Follow Monita Rajpal on Twitter.
Hong Kong (CNN) — Cerebral. Thats how I would describe the producer, songwriter, musician Pharrell Williams if I could only use one word.
Yes, hes incredibly talented — as co-founder of the production powerhouse The Neptunes, he and his partner Chad Hugo have netted hit after hit. They have worked with everyone from Britney Spears to Madonna. Justin Timberlake to Jay-Z.
Pharrell: Andy Warhol of music
Pharrell Williams recipe for success
Pharrell Williams: Im proud of Miley Cyrus
Pharrell Williams: Dare to be different
Most recently, Robin Thicke probably wasnt a name you would have been familiar with until you heard this years biggest hit Blurred Lines featuring Pharrell. Yup, that was The Neptunes doing.
And dont forget about Daft Punks Get Lucky the hit No. 2 on the Billboard charts and which Billboard described as the Summer Song of 2013. Its just another part of the Pharrell phenomenon.
If you want to know more about Pharrell, you only have to look as far as the manifesto he wrote on his website. He says, I serve and represent the OTHERS because I am one myself. The others being anyone who has ever felt outside of the norm, anyone who has ever felt they couldnt be categorized, anyone who has ever felt different.
See who else has been on Talk Asia
Its often safer to be inside the proverbial box. But it takes guts to not only say that the box is too small, but to go out and create a whole other space to be free and thrive. And thats what Mr. Williams has done.
For him, the internet is that space. Its a place where democracy rules but individuality reigns. Ironic since here is a guy who has succeeded where very few can. He has been accepted by the establishment in music, fashion, art and architecture. He has become the man everyone wants to work with.
Its his humility and gratitude that make people seek him out.
Monita Rajpal, host Talk Asia
In the research process and through our conversation I saw Williams as more than the man of the moment but a man with cross pop cultural influence.
He showed me a roadmap to a non-predictable professional life, one in which his career is custom-designed and climbs no particular ladder. He speaks of a collective conscience where a shift in humanity means there are no ladders. Instead, its about seeking alternate horizons by designing your own life and your own path.
Through his I Am Other initiative, (which is now the umbrella framework under which all his projects operate) Pharrell capitalizes on this shift by turning the consumer generation he influences into fellow entrepreneurs.
Talk Asia host Monita Rajpal and guest, Pharrell Williams on set.
He has created a forum where people can share and discuss ideas, thereby sealing his own position as a role model. He expresses his own ideas through music, movies, social media, and of course the internet. Williams calls it a customization era because people want what they want right now.
Williams credits his diverse career to a lifelong curiosity that his mother instilled in him. She taught him to be open to all that is around him. And he is.
From conversations with the renowned neuroscientist Dr. Vilayanur S. Ramachandran and their discussions on the psychology of music to collaborations with the artist Takashi Murakami on a sculpture, Pharrell is a man who revels in cross-platform communication because for him, life is about maximizing existence in every way.
Music has been the skeleton key thats opened every door of every opportunity that Ive had.
Pharrell Williams
For Williams though, the most important message he could share to his fans is his perspective on humanity –it is one in which we all have something to offer and it is our duty to our self-respect to live life on our terms. The goal then would be to find a way to serve humanity through our given talents.
Williams shared with me the one thing that stuck with him that Ramachandran told him. He said the apes and the monkeys reach for fruit, but man reaches for stars and thats the difference.
Through that wide-eyed wonder for all that this life has to offer, opportunities have made their way to him. He tells me music has been the skeleton key thats opened every door of every opportunity that (Ive) had.
Well that may be, but its his humility and gratitude that make people seek him out. As he says, he takes his egos hat off and (leaves) it at the door. He is comfortable in his own skin and it shows. Maybe thats why his song Happy has already had over seven million views on YouTube. We all want some of that to rub off on us. I know I do.

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(CNN) — Under a blazing sun in early June, a group of pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine were digging amid escort bayan pine woods near the town of Krazny Liman.
Their grizzled commander was a bearded man in his 50s who would not tell us where he was from, but acknowledged that he wasnt local. He was proud to show off his units most prized possession — a truck-mounted anti-aircraft unit that was Russian-made.
He told us the weapon had been seized from a Ukrainian base.
A few miles away, in the town of Kramatorsk, rebel fighters displayed two combat engineering tanks they said they had seized them from a local factory. Eastern Ukraine has long been a center of weapons production. They had parked one of the tanks next to the town square.
Kerry: Moment of truth for Putin
Officials: Buk sent back to Russia
Who fired the Buk missile launcher?
Video appears to show black box from MH17
Armed pro-Russian separatists block the way to the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in the eastern Ukraine on Sunday, July 20. The United States says a surface-to-air missile took down the Boeing 777 on Thursday as it was flying from Amsterdam, Netherlands, to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, killing all 298 people aboard. Ukrainian officials have accused pro-Russian rebels of downing the jet, but Russia blames Ukraines recent military operations against the rebels.
An armed pro-Russian separatist stands guard near a piece of the wreckage on July 20.
Ukrainian State Emergency Service employees sort through debris on July 20 as they work to locate the deceased.
A woman covers her mouth with a piece of fabric on July 20 to protect herself from the smell as she walks near railway wagons, which contain the bodies of passengers, employees and nearby residents say.
People search a wheat field for remains in the area of the crash site on July 20.
A woman walks among charred debris at the crash site on Sunday, July 20.
Emergency workers load the body of a victim onto a truck at the crash site on Saturday, July 19.
Emergency workers carry the body of a victim at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in eastern Ukraine on Saturday, July 19.
Workers load bodies of victims on a truck at the remote crash site on July 19.
Victims bodies are placed by the side of the road on July 19 as recovery efforts continue at the crash site. International officials lament the lack of a secured perimeter.
A man looks through the debris at the crash site on July 19.
A group of coal miners takes a break on July 19 after searching fields looking for victims and debris.
Coal miners walk through fields at the crash site on July 19 in an effort to locate debris and the remains of victims.
A memorial of flowers and stuffed toys has grown at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 on July 19 in eastern Ukraine.
A rebel soldier guards debris at the crash site.
A large piece of the main cabin is under guard at the crash site on July 19.
An envelope bearing the Malaysia Airlines logo at the crash site on July 19.
Armed rebels walk past large pieces of the Boeing 777 on July 19.
Ukrainian rescue workers walk through a wheat field with a stretcher as they collect the bodies of victims on July 19.
A woman looks at wreckage at the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 crash site on July 19.
Pro-Russian fighters stand guard as the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe delegation arrives at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in eastern Ukraine on Friday, July 18.
A woman walks through the debris field on July 18.
Pro-Russia rebels stand guard at the crash site.
Wreckage from Flight 17 lies in a field in Shaktarsk, Urkaine on July 18. International inspectors are headed to the crash site to search for the planes flight data recorders.
A man covers a body with a plastic sheet near the crash site July 18. The passengers and crew hailed from all over the world, including Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Germany and Canada.
A diver searches for the jets flight data recorders on July 18.
Coal miners search the crash site.
Wreckage from the Boeing 777 lies on the ground July 18 in rebel-held eastern Ukraine.
People search for bodies of passengers on July 18.
A woman walks past a body covered with a plastic sheet near the crash site July 18. The diversity of the victims nationalities has turned the crash into a global tragedy.
Belongings of passengers lie in the grass on July 18.
People inspect the crash site on Thursday, July 17.
People walk amid the debris at the site of the crash.
Debris smoulders in a field near the Russian border.
Fire engines arrive at the crash site.
A man stands next to wreckage.
Debris from the crashed jet lies in a field in Ukraine.
Family members of those aboard Flight 17 leave Schiphol Airport near Amsterdam, Netherlands.
A large piece of the plane lies on the ground.
Luggage from the flight sits in a field at the crash site.
A couple walks to the location at Schiphol Airport near Amsterdam where more information will be given regarding the flight.
Flight arrivals are listed at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang, Malaysia.
Debris from the Boeing 777, pictured on July 17.
A man inspects debris from the plane.
Wreckage from the plane is seen on July 17.
A man talks with security at Schiphol airport in Amsterdam, Netherlands, on July 17.
Wreckage burns in Ukraine.
A man stands next to the wreckage of the airliner that crashed July 17 in Ukraine.
People inspect a piece of wreckage believed to be from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in Ukraine. This image was posted to Twitter.
People inspect a piece of wreckage believed to be from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. This image was posted to Twitter.
A piece of wreckage believed to be from Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. This image was posted to Twitter.
A piece of wreckage believed to be from MH17. This image was posted to Twitter.
An airsickness bag believed to be from MH17. This image was posted to Twitter.
A piece of wreckage believed to be from MH17. This image was posted to Twitter.
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
Malaysia Airlines jet crashes in Ukraine
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These were just two instances of how the rebels in eastern Ukraine were steadily adding more sophisticated weapons to their armory, including tanks, multiple rocket launchers — and anti-aircraft systems.
In early June, they began to target Ukrainian planes and helicopters, with some success.
The day after we met the commander in the pine woods, an Antonov AN-26 transport plane was brought down over nearby Slovyansk.
Several Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters were also hit in this period, as was an Ilyushin IL-76 cargo plane near Luhansk — it is about the size of a passenger jet.
Forty-nine military personnel were killed when the IL-76 crashed short of the airport.
For the most part, these aircraft were flying at relatively low altitudes, and were targeted by shoulder-launched SA-7 missiles and anti-aircraft guns. The pro-Russian rebels had taken control of several Ukrainian military depots and bases and stripped them of their weapons.
The SA-7 was standard Soviet issue. Relatively easy to operate, it is effective to altitudes of some 2,500 meters (8,000 feet).
But it and ZU 23-2 anti-aircraft batteries, which rebel units also obtained, are a world away from the SA-11 or Buk system that seems increasingly likely to have been used to shoot down Flight MH17 on Thursday.
Stealing a Buk
Could the pro-Russian rebels have acquired a serviceable Buk from a Ukrainian base and operated it? The evidence is circumstantial; a great deal of Ukrainian military hardware is in poor condition or redundant.
But on June 29, rebels raided the Ukrainian armys A-1402 missile facility near Donetsk. Photographs show them examining what they found.
The Russian website Vosti ran an article the same day titled Skies of Donetsk will be defended by surface-to-air missile system Buk.
The article claimed: The anti-air defense point is one of the divisions of the missile corps and is equipped with motorized Buk anti-aircraft missile systems.
Peter Felstead, an expert on former Soviet military hardware at Janes IHS, says that the Buk is in both the Russian and Ukrainian inventories, but its unclear whether the one suspected in the shoot-down was taken by rebels when they overran a Ukrainian base, or was supplied by Russia.
He told CNN that the Buk would normally operate with a separate radar that picks up the overall air picture. This was almost certainly not the case with MH17, making it more difficult to identify the target and track its course.
A doll lies on the ground at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 near the village of Hrabove in eastern Ukraine on Saturday, July 19. The United States has said the Boeing 777 was brought down by a surface-to-air missile. All 298 people aboard were killed, yet so much of what they left behind is scattered relatively intact in this vast debris field in rural Ukraine.
A single shoe is seen among the debris and wreckage on July 19. Concern is growing that the site has not been sealed off as it should have been and that vital evidence is being tampered with.
Pieces of a wristwatch lie on a plastic cover at the crash site.
A toy monkey.
Books, bags, a tourist T-shirt. Ukraines government said it had received information of looting of valuables and money, and urged relatives to cancel the victims credit cards. But a CNN crew at the scene on July 19 said it did not see any signs of looting.
Passports were scattered across the large farm field.
Playing cards and euros are scattered.
A travel guide and toiletries.
An empty suitcase is cordoned off near the planes impact site on July 17.
Luggage, July 18.
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
MH17: What they left behind
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MH17: What they left behind
Entire family killed in MH17 crash
Bodies being taken from crash site
Dutch PM demands access to MH17 scene
Among the pro-Russian rebels are fighters who served in the Russian army. It is possible that some were familiar with the Buk, but Felstead agrees with the U.S. and Ukrainian assessment that Russian expertise would have been needed to operate it.
The system needs a crew of about four who know what theyre doing. To operate the Buk correctly, Russian assistance would have been required unless the rebel operators were defected air defense operators – which is unlikely.
It is now the working theory in the U.S. intelligence community that the Russian military supplied a Buk surface-to-air missile system to the rebels, a senior US defense official told CNN Friday.
Russia has denied that any equipment in service with the Russian armed forces has crossed the border into Ukraine. And Aleksander Borodai, the self-described prime minister of the Donetsk Peoples Republic, said Saturday his forces did not have weapons capable of striking an aircraft at such a high altitude.
But someone in the border region where eastern Ukraine meets Russia has been using an advanced anti-air missile system.
Late Wednesday, the day before MH17 was presumably hit, a Ukrainian air force Sukhoi Su-25 combat jet was shot down close to the border with Russia.
The Ukrainian Defense Ministry told CNN that the plane was flying at 6,200-6,500 meters (about 21,000 feet) and was hit near a town called Amvrosiivka, which is only some 30 kilometers (20 miles) from where MH17 was hit and 15 kilometers (10 miles) from the border with Russia.
The Ukrainian military alleged the missile had been fired from Russian territory. It was the first time that a combat jet flying at high speed had been hit and came two days after an AN-26 — flying at a similar altitude in the same area — was shot down further north, in the Luhansk area.
Smuggling on the black roads
The Russian Defense Ministry said Friday that weapons could not be smuggled across the border secretly. But they can.
By early June, rebels controlled several crossings along a stretch of border more than 200 kilometers (125 miles) long. The border area is open farmland that was neither patrolled regularly nor even marked in many places.
Dozens of unmonitored tracks known as black roads — because they have been used for smuggling — cross the border. Additionally, the Ukrainian border guard service was in disarray after an attack on its command center in Luhansk early in June.
On the road east toward the border through the town of Antratsyt there was no sign of a Ukrainian military or police presence. The pro-Russian rebels had already begun to bring across heavy weapons at that point.
A CNN team visited the border post at Marynivka in June, soon after a five-hour firefight involving border guards and members of the self-declared Vostok battalion of rebels who had been trying to bring over two Russian armored personnel carriers.
They had been abandoned during the battle.
The unknowns are these: Just how much weaponry has been brought in from Russia, how was it obtained, and did it include the SA-11 Buk?
In June, the U.S. State Department claimed that three T-64 tanks, several rocket launchers and other military vehicles had crossed the Russian border. Ukraine made similar accusations, saying the weapons had gone to Snezhnoe, a rebel stronghold close to where MH17 came down.
The State Department said the tanks had been in storage in south-west Russia, suggesting collusion between the Russian authorities — at some level — and the rebels. It said at the time that the equipment held at the storage site also included multiple rocket launchers, artillery, and air defense systems.
It added, notably, that more advanced air defense systems have also arrived at this site.
Moscow rejected the claims as fake.
NATO has also released satellite images which, it said, showed tanks in the Rostov-on-Don region in Russia early in June, before they were taken to eastern Ukraine. The tanks had no markings.
Even so, some experts, such as Mark Galeotti at New York Universitys Center for Global Affairs, say the evidence is largely circumstantial. NATOs images did not show the tanks actually crossing into Ukraine.
Wherever they came from, Russian language websites soon featured calls for people with military skills to call a number associated with the separatist Donetsk Peoples Republic if they could help operate or maintain the tanks.
One answered, I served in the military engineering academy…and am a former commander in the intelligence.
But the separatists greatest vulnerability was always from the air.
The Ukrainians had already shown, in driving them away from the Donetsk airport at the end of May, that they could use airpower to devastating effect. And they had begun to fly at higher altitudes to avoid shoulder-launched missiles.
To hold what remained of their territory, the pro-Russian rebels needed to be able to challenge Ukrainian dominance of the skies.
Whether they received help from across the border to do so, and in what way, is the question that governments around the world want answered.
READ: Is this any way to secure a plane crash scene?
READ: Who should investigate MH17 crash?
READ: Athlete, soccer fans, vacationing family among Malaysia Airlines crash victims

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Editors note: Arezo Yazd is an Iranian-American attorney based in New York City. She is the principal and founder of escort bayan ASY Ventures, a legal consulting company working mostly with tech start-up companies. The view expressed in this commentary are entirely her own.
(CNN) — As the situation in Iraq escalates, the U.S. finds itself awkwardly aligned with a country once vilified as part of the Axis of Evil. While Iraq loses control of its western border to ISIS rebels, the U.S. decides to pragmatically turn to its geopolitical interests to calm this disaster.
The unlikely result is Iran sending military weaponry and planes — including Russian combat jets — across the Iranian border to aid the Iraqi national army. This shift in alliance seemed implausible a few years ago, but since President Hassan Rouhani took office last year tensions between the U.S. and Iran have slowly and cautiously thawed. While Iraq plummets into further chaos and fragmentation — the Kurds are expected to vote for full autonomy in an impending referendum — improvement in U.S-Iran relations may be the only silver-lining in this otherwise catastrophic affair.
Arezo Yazd
Yet supporters of U.S.-Iran relations should not forget the importance of promoting relations through long-term economic ties, rather than one based on purely geopolitical military needs. In the past decade, war has raged on two of Irans borders, and seemingly both Iran and the U.S. shared common enemies in the Taliban and Saddam Hussein.
However, foreign policy alignments in the region did not result in sustained diplomatic ties. By easing sanctions and fostering economic growth in Iran, the U.S. can ultimately promote a sustainable relationship based on mutual needs and benefits. Now more than ever, the opportunity for just such a partnership exists in Irans budding technology market.
Currently, Iran has the highest total number of Internet users in the Middle East; almost half of Iranian households have some access to the internet. There are more Internet users in Iran than in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Jordan, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon and Qatar, combined. Interest among young Iranians in technology and entrepreneurship is rapidly increasing. Irans Center for E-commerce Development recently announced that nearly 70% of applicants for electronic retail licenses are younger than 30.
Rather than focusing on industries such as oil and gas, which ultimately trickles down profits to a few large companies closely aligned with the regime, promoting commercial development in the arena of tech entrepreneurship creates a high-skilled middle class. A thriving Iranian middle class will have an invested interest in maintaining close relations with the U.S.
Did U.S. leave vacuum for Iran, Syria?
ISIS is al Qaeda version 6.0
ISIS is al Qaeda version 6.0
On patrol with Baghdads special forces
The long-term benefits of commercial development in Irans tech sector are endless. Transparency and increased openness in civil society through advances in social media, internet infrastructure and access to information are just some of the added benefits of a robust tech industry.
Promoting tech over other industries in Iran also allows the U.S. to play an active role in a market that empowers women in business. Unlike many Western countries where women only account for 10% of the tech industry, women in the Middle East account for 35% of tech entrepreneurs.
This number is astonishing considering Western notions of the marginalization of women in the region. Women in the Middle East are increasingly finding it both convenient and conducive to start small businesses from the comfort of their homes, and, thanks to increased internet access, they are now able to tap into global markets.
The benefits of promoting the burgeoning tech industry in Iran have not gone unnoticed. Silicon Valley entrepreneurs plan to gather this September to discuss entrepreneurship in Iran, and, in the event that sanctions are lifted, the possibility of building bridges between entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley and their Iranian counterparts. Irans very own TedX Tehran, scheduled to take place in Tehran later this year, is a result of enthusiasm surrounding technology and entrepreneurship.
Much of the eagerness surrounding Irans tech scene is based on the possibility of the U.S. changing its sanctions policy regarding Iran. Unlike his predecessor, Rouhani made headway on nuclear program negotiations with world powers earlier this year. Even making use of social media, Rouhani tweets a softer image of the Iranian presidency by posting pictures of himself in sweatpants watching World Cup games.
Most importantly, Rouhani debuted his presidency with a message of economic openness and a desire to reintegrate Iran back into the international community. Irans dismal human rights record still remains on the table, but the countrys open approach on economic issues may be human rights activists best chance to address political freedoms down the road.
Irans support of Prime Minister Nuri al Malikis government and majority-ruling Shiites in Iraq puts Iran in a position that is aligned with U.S.s geopolitical interests. What remains unclear is whether the current situation will give way to a stable partnership if the Iraq crisis is contained. The Iran-Contra affair in 1986 demonstrated that the U.S. could covertly set aside ideological differences for military advantage. However, as history has demonstrated, unlikely wartime bedfellows rarely equate to stable diplomatic policy. Indeed, if history has taught the U.S. anything, its that Iran is a resilient country with vast potential — potential that expands far beyond merely oil, gas and guns.
READ: No, talking to Iran about Iraq isnt desperation
READ: U.S. and Iran: From sworn enemies to partners on Iraq?

Colorado politics picture escort cnnopinion

Editors note: David Weinberger is a senior researcher at View my Flipboard Magazine.
But much of the outrage is driven by escort a false assumption: that there is a real mix of news about our friends.
There isnt. Facebook always uses algorithms to bayan escort figure out what to show us and what to leave obscure. Facebook is in the business of providing us with eskort a feed that filters the Colorado River rapids into a tinkling stream we can drink from.
The 2012 experiment is a bayan escort window onto this larger concern: Facebook, an important and even dominant part of our social infrastructure, makes decisions about what well know about our friends based on what works for Facebook, Inc., and only secondarily based on what works for us as individuals and as a society.
This point is illustrated in Eli Parisers excellent book (and terrific TED Talk) The Filter Bubble. Facebook filters our feeds to make us happier customers. But Facebook defines a happy customer as one that comes back often and clicks on a lot of links.
Did Facebook study go too far?
When it comes to politics, we can easily see the problem: Showing us news that excites our click finger is a formula for promoting shouting and political divisiveness. Too much of that is bad, but in both politics and social relationships more broadly, do we know what the right mix is?
Are we sure that filtering social news so that it includes more of the negative is bad? And positive filtering can paint a too-rosy picture of our social network, shielding us from the full force of life as it is actually lived. I dont know the answer, but it cant come from a commercial entity whose overriding aim is to keep us coming back so we can buy more from its advertisers.
There are many options to play with here. For example, we could be given more individual control over our own filters. Or a site could nudge us toward feeds that achieve socially desirable aims like making us more willing to explore and embrace differences.
But were unlikely to see such options so long as we have given control over our the flow of our social information to commercial entities that have as their primary interest not the health of our society and culture, but their bottom line. Sometimes those interests may align, but not reliably or often enough.
So, Im upset about Facebooks cavalier toying with our emotions, but Im far more disturbed about what Facebook and other such sites do all the time.
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(CNN) — Hello BET. Was it Lionel Richie you were looking for?
The 2014 BET Awards aired Sunday, and the show escort bayan honored the legendary singer with the lifetime achievement award. The only problem was that Richies last name was spelled Ritchie escort bayan in the graphic, prompting the trending of #lionelritchie on Twitter and deliberate misspellings of his name.
But that moment was just escort bayan one of the hits and misses for the night.
HIT: Chris Browns performance
The star, recently released from jail, returned to the escort bayan stage to perform his song Loyal with a little help from rappers Lil Wayne and Tyga. His performance energized the crowd — and also sparked much discussion #BETAwards @GailBBMitchell— billboard (@billboard) June 30, 2014
HIT: Chris Rocks opening monologue
The comic hosted this years ceremony, and he killed.
Rock poked fun at everyone from the performers — of Chris Brown, he said the singer just signed a new deal — too bad its a plea deal — to celebs in the audience, and even got topical with the controversy over racial remarks made by Los Angeles Clippers owner Donald Sterling.
What exactly did he say? Rock asked. What exactly did Donald Sterling say? I dont want my woman around black basketball players. Me neither!
MISS: Nicki Minajs acceptance speech
The rapper and former American Idol judge won the best female hip-hop artist award and gave a speech that left many scratching their heads.
After declaring I dont look at myself as a female rapper cause I know what I do, she went on to offer that When you hear Nicki Minaj spit, Nicki Minaj wrote it, which some took to be a diss directed at new rapper Iggy Azalea. (Although Minaj quickly added No shade, meaning she was not directing her remarks at anyone.)
Minaj then went on to describe her recent — sort of — near brush with death.
I just want to say that the other day, literally, I didnt tell anybody this, I really thought I was about to die, Minaj said. Like, I was saying my prayers to die. And I didnt even want to call an ambulance because I thought, Well, if I call the ambulance, its gonna be on TMZ. And I would rather sit there and die. And it made me realize — I dont care anymore what anybody gotta say.
It may take us until the 2015 BET Awards to sort that one out.

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How are you celebrating the World Cup? Join the global conversation on View my Flipboard Magazine.
It was quite intrusive, and escort bayan that was independent of my will, added DellOlio, who for almost a decade watched her high-profile relationship play out across escort the front and back pages of the press.
But when you are next to a personality so important in football you bayan escort become absorbed in that role.
As with all social groups, there was a WAG hierarchy.
Theres a difference between if you are eskort the partner of the manager, than if you are the partner of a footballer, says DellOlio in between sips of ginger tea, at Londons swank members only Club at the Ivy.
It was always Nancy DellOlio plus any other of what you might call WAGs, she adds with a raised eyebrow. So in this way I was quite distinctive, I was never part of that world.
Shes got the look
Its a world of glossy women with shopping habits as expensive as their bodies, if you believe the stereotypes splashed across celebrity magazines.
In truth, partners face enormous pressures to live up to Barbie doll ideals of beauty.
No one wants to be the ugly WAG, says author and newspaper columnist The Secret WAG, wife of an England player who has kept her identity a mystery, while revealing the inner workings of her lavish lifestyle.
Were put under so much pressure to look as perfect as we can. Were all striving to be the thinnest, the prettiest, the one with the nicest hair.
Picture perfect: Lionel Messis girlfriend Antonella Roccuzzo greets him on the pitch with their son.Getty Images
The relentless drive for perfection comes from a fear of being traded in for a newer model when temptation beckons, she says.
Mostly its our own personal insecurities, because you know footballers dont have great reputations. Theres so many kiss-and-tell stories in the newspapers, and we all live in fear that this is going to happen to us.
Footballers today arent just guys who kick a ball about. Theyre celebrities. Theyre dating supermodels, actresses.
For us normal girls who dont have careers in the public eye, its a massive pressure to live up to.
Power couple
Thats not to say the partners of footballers are simply pretty accessories — in some cases, theyre even more famous than their sporting beaus.
Footballers today arent just guys who kick a ball about. Theyre celebrities.
The Secret WAG
Victoria Beckham and Shakira neednt rely on high-profile lovers David Beckham and Gerard Pique for their own successful music careers.
Though it does help.
Coleen Rooneys book has sold more copies than her husband Waynes, said Alison Kervin, sports editor of British newspaper the Mail on Sunday, and author of WAGs at the World Cup.
Its a really interesting phenomenon to get your head around, because shes only famous because shes going out with a successful England footballer.
Cinderella story?
With top players earning over $70 million a year, dating one can be an instant ticket to fame and fortune.
A footballer could take you from a world where youre living a basic existence in social housing, to living in a multimillion dollar mansion and traveling the world, says Kervin.
It has a Cinderella quality to it, and I think thats what we find so appealing.
Already a successful property lawyer in Italy by the time she met Eriksson, DellOlios is hardly a rags to riches tale.
But since dating the Swede, she has become a British celebrity in her own right, hosting TV program Footballers Cribs, appearing on Strictly Come Dancing, and soon to perform her own stand-up show at Edinburghs Fringe Festival.
Lawyer Nancy DellOlio, former girlfriend of England team manager Sven-Goran Eriksson, has carved a career on TV.Getty Images
She admits the relationship probably did help raise her public profile.
But its not the only thing, says the immaculate entrepreneur in stylish lemon two-piece skirt suit, her raven hair loosely piled high.
As for the suggestion women pursue footballers as a career move — DellOlios eyes open wide in horror.
I find it ridiculous this opinion, she says haughtily, her earrings jangling in agreement.
And negative, because theres a lot of jealousy involved probably. But its a little bit stupid, if you dont mind me saying.
Of course its only about love. Every couple together, it should be love.
Give and take
Dating a footballer is not a relationship for the fainthearted, with women beholden to clubs just as much as their men.
Of course its only about love. Every couple together, it should be love
Nancy DellOlio
If that means abstaining in the bedroom before big matches, then so be it. Its really unfair, says The Secret WAG.
My whole life has kind of been following my husband around, you have to up and leave countless times when he moves clubs.
I spent many years studying and Ive never been in a situation where I could put all those years to good use.
I feel as though Im constantly living in the shadow of my husband, and it took a lot of adjustment to accept that.
British phenomenon?
Nowhere is the spotlight so intense on footballers private lives then in the UK — this is the country of gossip, says DellOlio.
The word WAG was dreamed up by the British tabloids during the 2006 World Cup, and has since made its way into the Oxford Dictionary.
At the time, just as much column space was dedicated to Victoria Beckham and Cheryl Coles shopping sprees, as Englands lackluster performance in Germany eight years ago.
Cheryl Cole and Victoria Beckham watch the game in 2006.Getty Images
I think it was a mixture of England not doing particularly well, so there was nothing much to report on, and the girls just out partying, says Kervin.
You can be very critical of these women and you can analyze what happened to feminism, but the bottom line is, they seem to be having a bloody good time.
Glamorous as these women may seem, ultimately they are just normal people trying to be the best mothers and wives they can, says the Secret WAG.
Normal people, that is, with exceptional lives.
Read: Sex and soccer — should teams abstain?
Pictures: 32 players to watch at World Cup
Watch: Science behind World Cup ball

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As bombs fell on London and the Wehrmacht rampaged across France, a young woman named Valerie Glassborow was among the escort civilians working around the clock at Bletchley Park, feeding false trails to German High Command as D-Day approached.70 years on, bayan eskort Miss Glassborows granddaughter, the Duchess of Cambridge, was back at Bletchley to see the results of a year-long £8m restoration escort bayan programme and meet one of her grandmothers former colleagues.Lady Marion Body, who worked with Miss Glassborow and her twin sister escort kızlar Mary in Hut 16, was part of the team of crack codebreakers who unlocked the secrets of the German Enigma machine – ultimately helping to win the war for Britain.
Thats how its done! Clarence House tweeted this photo of the Duchess of Cambridge learning how to use Morse Code during her visit to Bletchley Park
Chats: The Duchess of Cambridge talks with Bletchley veteran Lady Marion Body, who knew her grandmother, during a visit to Bletchley Park to mark the completion of a year-long restoration project
Enjoying the day: The Duchess of Cambridge enjoys a joke with a local police officer as she arrives to reopen Bletchley Park where her grandmother once worked
The Duchess herself was on typically fashionable form, elegant in a navy skirt by Alexander McQueen teamed with a neat white blouse by the same label and navy court shoes, as she toured the newly renovated buildings with Lady Body and was given a potted history of Bletchley Park – the birthplace of GCHQ.During her tour, she was also shown a vintage Morse Code machine and gleefully set about learning how to use it, before being taken to see the new visitor centre which occupies what was once Block C.
 
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Many of those who employed there were women like Miss Glassborow – ordinary middle-class ladies whose work, kept secret for almost half a century, helped to change the course of the war.
Women played a variety of roles from lowly clerks to operating machines and breaking into ciphers and codes – the highest level of work you could do at Bletchley Park, explains author and historian Michael Smith.Among the women working at the highest level was Mavis Batey, a Londoner who arrived at Bletchley Park aged just 19 years old, and who died last November at the age of 92.
She was one of the top codebreakers at Bletchley, adds Smith. Shes frequently described as one of the leading female codebreakers but I dont think thats fair – she was one of the leading codebreakers full stop.
Looking
good: The Duchess of Cambridge arrives at Bletchley Park in a neat
Alexander McQueen pencil skirt and a chic sailor-inspired blouse, last
worn in 2011
Pleased to meet you: The Duchess meets members of the Bletchley Park Trust as she arrives in Milton Keynes to reopen the house which has had an £8m makeover
Brave:
Valerie Glassborow (pictured centre right at her 1946 wedding to Peter
Middleton) is the Duchess of Cambridges grandmother and worked at
Bletchley Park
Meeting: The Duchess also met Lady Marion Body who worked with Valerie Glassborow and her twin sister Mary in the famous Hut 16 at Bletchley Park
  
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Working closely with Alfred Dillwyn Dilly Knox, at the time one of the worlds top experts in ciphers, she was instrumental in unearthing the intelligence that helped Britain to a spectacular naval victory over the Italians at Matapan.
But her greatest triumph came in December 1941 when she deciphered a message sent from Belgrade to Berlin that allowed Knox and his team to decrypt the output of the Abwehr [German secret service] Enigma machine.
Thanks to Batey and Knox, British intelligence was able to monitor Abwehr activities and even plant false information – something that would later prove critical to the success of D-Day.
It could even, as Smith points out, have helped prevent nuclear war in Europe. The key thing in all of this is that [decrypting Enigma] allowed D-Day to go ahead, he reveals.
Without them, it [D-Day] might well have been put back two years. Bear in mind, this was at a time when the UK and USA were developing the atomic bomb which was later used on Japan. Its not at all clear they wouldnt have used it on Germany if they thought it necessary.
Despite the heroic efforts of Miss Glassborow, Ms Batey and fellow code breakers such as Rozanne Colchester and Gwendoline Page, the work of female code breakers wasnt always given the recognition it deserved at the time.

Restoration: Bletchley Park has undergone an £8m makeover which took a year to complete
The tour: The Duchess is shown around the complex where her grandmother once worked
Meet and greet: The Duchess chats to well-wishers as she arrives at Bletchley Park
Looking good: The Duchess, who was given a tour of the renovated Bletchley Park Museum, accessorised her Alexander McQueen with a pair of sapphire drop earrings
Thrilled: The Duchess was met by a group of officials from the Bletchley Park Trust and Milton Keynes Council who worked together on the restoration
Contribution: The Duchess paternal grandmother Valerie Glassborow was one of the 9,000 women who worked at Bletchley Park during the Second World War
Although there was what Smith describes as a collegiate atmosphere and women were free to challenge their male colleagues as they saw fit, they were paid a third less than the men and after the war ended, many melted back into ordinary life.
Indeed, of the 9,000 people who worked at Bletchley Park during World War II, just 600 women went on to join the fledgling GCHQ or other branches of the secret services.Unless they went on into GCHQ, most of the women went back into ordinary life, explains Smith. It became a brief thing that didnt reflect their ordinary lives. It meant most of them had more life experience, cultural interests and so on than they might have done. In the 1940s and 50s, ordinary life meant getting married, having children but never again having the sort of life they had at Bletchley.Among those to leave the service for a life of domesticity was Miss Glassborow who married Peter Francis Middleton in 1946 in the village of Adel in Yorkshire and went on to have four sons, Michael, Richard, Simon and Nicholas in quick succession.Michael, the eldest, is the father of the Duchess of Cambridge and is known to have been close to his mother who died in 2006, without ever speaking publicly of her wartime service.Today, after more than 70 years, the incredible wartime work done by Valerie and Mary Glassborow, and others like them, is finally getting the recognition it deserves.
Stylish: The ever stylish Duchess of Cambridge was on typically fashionable form but almost fell foul of a gust of wind which played havoc with her long loose locks
THE MAGNIFICENT MANOR THAT WAS ONCE BRITAINS BEST KEPT SECRET: INSIDE BLETCHLEY PARKUntil relatively recently, the work of the men and women who worked at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire was a well-kept secret. But thanks to the declassification of wartime documents, the exploits of the code breakers – and the magnificent contribution they made – have finally been made public.
The story of Bletchley Park began 76 years ago in late 1938 when a group of MI6 operatives decamped to the house for a shooting party. Among them were men from an organisation called the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) whose job it was to assess the Georgian buildings suitability for becoming the headquarters of a secret group of top level code breakers.
It was deemed ideal and by September 1939, GC&CS, the forerunner of GCHQ – still in charge of codebreaking and signals intelligence – returned to start their work in earnest.
By the end of 1940, 12,000 people worked at Bletchley and its sub-camps, whether as cooks and support staff or as code breakers decrypting the military codes and ciphers that secured German, Japanese, and other Axis nations communications.
Others operated the incredibly sophisticated machines that were the forerunners of modern computers, including the Turing/Welchman Bombe, and the groundbreaking Colossus machine.
By the end of the war, GC&CS code breaking expertise had become a key part of intelligence operations and had helped bring World War II to a close.
But post-war, the magnificent 17th century Bletchley Park mansion and the assorted outbuildings were deemed surplus to requirements, with intelligence operations moved to Cheltenham.
Abandoned by GCHQ, the house and gardens passed through several owners, including BT, but by the 1990s, was practically derelict and at risk of demolition.
Happily, help was at hand and the site was declared a conservation area by Milton Keynes council in 1992 before being taken over by the Bletchley Park Trust.Now a museum dedicated to the exploits of the men and women who helped break the Enigma code, Bletchley Park has undergone an £8m renovation aimed at preserving the huts where so many worked so hard to save the UK and its allies during World War II.
Advanced: Among the achievements of those working at Bletchley Park was creating one of the worlds earliest computers which was used to decode Nazi messages
Important work: It was at Bletchley Park in 1944 that the German Enigma code was finally cracked – paving the way for D-Day and victory for Britain and its allies

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Editors note: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the president of Liberia and a Nobel Peace Prize winner. The opinions expressed in escort bayan this commentary are solely hers.
(CNN) — What factor has the power to transform individual lives, communities, nations and the world?
The escort answer to this complex question is a simple one: education. While it is widely accepted that there is no one bayan escort solution to lift the millions across our globe out of poverty, it is also equally accepted that a key cornerstone bayan escort ankara of addressing some of the worlds most pressing challenges is through providing a quality education to all children, especially girls.
Despite increasing numbers attending school in recent years, 126 million children remain out of primary school and lower secondary school around the world. Some 65 million of these children are girls.

Liberian president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

The highest rate of girls not in school is across the African continent, where in sub-Saharan Africa nearly four out of five poor rural girls are not completing primary school. There are an estimated 250 million children worldwide of primary school age who cant read, write or do basic math — more than half of whom have completed four years of schooling.
It is unacceptable that in 2014 — less than a year away from the deadline the international community agreed to get all children into school — that 30 million girls in Africa are denied their basic human right to a quality education. Ensuring that every child goes to school, stays in school and learns something of value while there will require firm commitments and action by governments to invest in education and prioritize the education of its girls.
Africas economy has grown at more than 5% annually over the past decade — some of the highest economic growth in the world — leading many to use the phrase of Africa Rising when describing its countries. However, a countrys economic growth does not always lead to development or improvement for its poorest citizens. To truly rise as a nation by building an equitable, sustainable and peaceful society, governments must ensure that spending on education is prioritized and used well.

Some countries lose more than $1 billion a year by failing to educate girls to the same level as boys.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian President

According to recent research, the estimated economic gain from achieving universal primary education exceeds the estimated increase in public spending required to achieve it. One extra year of schooling can increase an individuals earnings by 10%. Girls who complete a primary education are likely to increase their earnings by 5 to 15% over their lifetimes.
Each additional year of schooling could raise average annual gross domestic product growth by 0.37%. If all women had a primary education, child marriages and child mortality could fall by a sixth, and maternal deaths by two-thirds. Investing in girls education could boost sub-Saharan Africas agricultural output by up to 25%.
Some countries lose more than $1 billion a year by failing to educate girls to the same level as boys. Without education, how can a countrys future citizens take part in growing their economy and reap benefits? Without education how can a country grow?
More from African Voices
It is however, not good enough to only increase the number of children receiving education. Children and young people must learn basic knowledge, skills and competencies, such as reading, writing, critical thinking, problem solving and math, that are needed to live healthy, safe and productive lives.
In Liberia, across the African continent and, indeed, around the world, it is becoming increasingly apparent that going to school is not the same as learning. This is of grave concern given that many of the social and economic returns from an education are found to come from learning outcomes rather than number of years in school.
To accomplish this, more financial resources that are better spent are needed to build a strong education system capable of improving both access and learning for all. But making informed decisions about those resources requires good data.
Information on teachers, how to best support them to do their jobs, and information on how students are learning are crucial for knowing what policies and programs will be effective. By using our resources more effectively and focusing them on those children that are currently left behind, we can have some of the best educated citizens in the world — citizens who will be responsible for building a peaceful and prosperous future.

By not investing in girls education, we are telling our women that we do not care.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian President

At current rates, the poorest girls in sub-Saharan Africa will only achieve universal primary completion in 2086. To not invest in and prioritize girls education, we as African leaders are telling our women that we do not care about you and your childs future. As one of those women, I will not accept this and I urge all our leaders to invest in our childrens future. Investing in girls education is not only a moral imperative, it is a smart investment.
On the 16th of June, the Day of the African Child, young people from across Africa will stand at the African Union Headquarters in Addis Abba, Ethiopia, and across Africa, to call on their governments to dedicate more resources — the recommended 20% of national budgets — to education and develop strong and transparent monitoring systems to track effectiveness and impact.
Better information on learning outcomes and public spending is key to achieving our goals. These young people want a brighter reality and they demand that their governments stand up to meet their responsibilities and commitments, in order to build a future for their children, a future for their country.
When nearly 60 developing countries come together in Brussels at the end of June, as part of the Global Partnership for Education, they will be asked to commit to increase education spending. If they do, we will know if they have listened to these young people, and then the phrase, Africa Rising, can be used in all truthfulness.
Plan Internationals Because I Am A Girl campaign announces its #10DaysToAct initiative, beginning on June 16 at the African Union meeting in Addis Ababa.
Read this: Africa is rising, but for whom?
Read this: Building peace in Africa? Give power to women

The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.